In 1934 the Naval Aircraft Factory was given the task of manufacturing a new primary trainer designed by the U.S. Navy. Following successful tests this neat little biplane trainer was built in both landplane and seaplane versions. 179 of the -1 models were ordered in the mid-Thirties, and production of 816 -3 models began in 1938. The N3N was used extensively in U.S. Navy primary flying training schools throughout WWII, with the majority becoming surplus immediately when the war ended. One exception to this was the small number of the seaplane version which were retained for primary training at the U.S. Naval Academy. These last N3N seaplanes, when retired in 1961, were the last biplanes to be used in U.S. military service.
Additional information on this aircraft can be found at Wikipedia here.
(updated February 2009)
Naval Aircraft Factory N3N Canary
Type: two-seat primary trainer Crew: 2: pilot, trainee Armament: none Specifications: Length: 25' 6" (7.77 m) Height: 10' 10" (3.30 m) Wingspan: 34' 0" (10.36 m) Wing area: 305 sq. ft (28.33 sq. m) Empty Weight: 2090 lb (948 kg) Max Weight: 2792 lb (1266 kg) max at takeoff Propulsion (N3N-3): No. of Engines: 1 Powerplant: Wright R-760-2 Whirlwind 7 radial Horsepower: 235 hp Performance: Range: 470 miles (756 km) Cruise Speed: 90 mph ( 145 km/h) Max Speed: 126 mph ( 203 km/h) Ceiling: 15,200 ft (4635 m)
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