The Avenger replaced the TBD Devastator as the torpedo plane used by the U.S. Navy. It saw its first combat at the battle of Midway, but it wasn't until later battles that it made its mark in history. It could attack with either a torpedo or standard bombs. Distinguishing characteristics include a long internal torpedo bay and a revolving turret for a rear-facing gunner. Many Avengers were manufactured by General Motors Eastern Aircraft Division under the designation TBM Avenger.
For additional data and history on the TBF, click here
for Jack McKillop's article on Microworks.net.
For more photos of this aircraft, visit my Naval Air War In the Pacific website.
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Additional information on this aircraft can be found at Wikipedia here.
(updated February 2009)
Grumman TBF-1 Avenger
Type: Torpedo Bomber Crew: 3 (pilot, bomb-aimer, radio operator/gunner) Armament: two wing-mounted .50 cal machine guns one .50 cal machine gun in dorsal turret one .30 cal machine gun in ventral position up to 2000 lbs. of weapons (bombs/torpedo) Specifications: Length: 40' 11" (12.47 m) Height: 16' 5" (5.00 m) Wignspan: 54' 2" (16.51 m) Wingarea: 490.02 sq. ft (45.52 sq. m) Empty Weight: 10545 lb (4782 kg) Gross Weight: 17893 lb (8115 kg) Max Weight: 17895 lb (8115 kg) Propulsion: No. of Engines: 1 Powerplant: Wright R-2600-20 Horsepower: 1900 hp Performance: Range: 1010 miles (1626 km) Cruise Speed: 147 mph ( 236 km/h) Max Speed: 276 mph ( 444 km/h) Climb: 2060 ft/min ( 627.86 m/min) Ceiling: 30100 ft (9174.00M)
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